Conservation And No-Till Options For A Rice-Soybean Rotation; New Techniques Developed For Rapid Rice Drying With A Cross-Flow Drying System
Gregory L. Baltz
Arkansas Farmer: Rice, Corn, Soybeans, Peanuts
Baltz has been working with the University of Arkansas on developing techniques to maintain high quality rice in a cross-flow drying system. He will discuss that in his presentation and also some conservation tillage and no-till options for the rice-soybean rotation made available through precision farming tools.
He raises 2,500 acres of rice, 600 acres of corn, 1,200 acres of soybeans and 700 acres of peanuts.
He grew up on the farm and has been farming since 1980, after receiving his Bachelor of Science degree in agricultural engineering from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville.
New Clearfield Varieties Improved From Top To Bottom
Dr. Sunny Bottoms
Senior Technical Service Rep., HorizonAg
Newly released Clearfield varieties offer better agronomics for the producer and better quality for the end user. Best management practices including fertility, disease management and overall management for optimum production will be discussed.
Rice Market Outlook Ð The World Supply And Demand Landscape
Market Analyst, VantageRM, LLC
2016 has been a year of extremes with high acres, low quality and a world market that continues to hold prices at extremely low levels.Ê Heading into 2017, the outlook is not much better than last year but there are some signs that changes are coming. Some may not be that good. The landscape for US rice is going to be based on many factors and as we consider the future, they range from weather to technology to trade agreements to a new farm bill. The fact is, 2017 may end a lot different than it startedWe cannot develop exactly what our presentation will entail since the Supply and Demand numbers we need to evaluate are weeks from being published as of this writing. In fact, we will be using numbers that will have come from the USDA a couple of weeks before the conference. Even so, we can lay out for you a little of what we will cover as we take on the job of looking at the market going forward into 2017 and beyond.
We will start at home and look at the US rice market both from a crop condition standpoint as well what the supply level is having on the demand for the US crop. We will also be looking at the impact of world competitors on the US market. The presentation will also cover what changes to the US supply in 2017 may occur and the resulting impact on prices. Last year we visited the new balance sheet and what would happen if acres increased as much as we were hearing for 2016. Unfortunately, it is coming true and will have a longer-term effect unless something changes in the world picture; however, what will be the impact on prices with lower acres in 2017? We will cover that as well and show a future look at what the US supply and demand balance sheet could look like in July of 2018.
World market conditions will also be a focus point as we look at what the world supply and demand table looks like headed into another year of strong production levels expected in major exporting countries. World prices continue to be at low levels as the world markets compete for market share. We will look at India, Thailand, Viet Nam and Pakistan and how we will be forced to compete with these developing countries in a trading environment that is far from level. Can these conditions help support higher world price levels? We will discuss these and other world factors that are certainly impacting US prices.
We will also touch on weather forecasts as El Ni–o is gone but here comes a La Ni–a. We will spend a little time on this weather phenomenon and show you what it is and how it has affected markets in the past. We will show its current condition and expected effect going forward.
And if you didnÕt think that was enough to try and cover, we will then turn our attention to a US Farm Bill that will be on us before we know it. We will look in depth at some of the driving forces for change and how that could impact the industry.
We will also walk through the market phases and seasonal tendencies to see if they can have even a bigger impact on the market in 2017. Then just to wrap up with where we are today, we will take a quick view of the current technical picture of the market and what we may see prices do in the short run leading into the planting season of 2017.
Weed Control In Rice, And Timely Trapping Of Nitrogen Fertilizer
Dr. Winston Earnheart
"Are our weed control programs working for us in rice?" That's the question Winston Earnheart, Ph.D, will consider in his talk. He also plans to discuss how to make better use of nitrogen by controlling nitrification. "If you put ammonium nitrate out and donÕt get it flooded in time, the microbes in the soil will change it into a form where you canÕt trap the nitrogen," he explains. "You can lose a lot of nitrogen because you're not trapping it with the flood." He will advise how this problem can be avoided.
Earnheart holds a master's degree and Ph.D. from University of Mississippi in biology, and a bachelor's degree from Mississippi State in agronomy. He served as a professor at Crichton College, a liberal arts college in Memphis, Tenn., for four years, and taught high school science for 10 years. He farmed with his father from 1965 to 1980, and farmed on his own until 1995. He raised as much as 3,400 acres of soybeans and had experience in growing cotton and wheat. He has been owner and operator of an independent crop consulting business for 45 years, and now serves clients in several counties in northwest Mississippi.
Summary Of Phosphorus Research In Mississippi
Dr. Bobby Golden
Extension Agronomist, MSU
Phosphorus deficiency in rice (Oryza sativa L.) generally occurs early in the season and can be identified by very distinct characteristics. Typical symptomology of P deficient rice plants are an overall stunting, dark green color, and erect leaves with little to no tillering. Stems will often appear thin and spindly with the symptomology first occurring on the older leaves. Much of the rice production in Mississippi occurs on precision graded fields where the much of the topsoil has been redistributed allowing for ideal conditions for a P deficiency to occur. Phosphorus deficient rice was identified in MS in the late 1990's, with soil test correlation and calibration trials established in 2002. Across the rice belt yield increases have been shown to P fertilization, however traditional soil test methods have been poor predictors of yield responsiveness. This data will summarize and explore phosphorus correlation/calibration research from the last 13 years in Mississippi. Our objective is to better predict when a yield response to phosphorus fertilization will occur based on routine soil testing.
Integrating Host Resistance And Fungicides To Combat Fungal Resistance
Dr. Don Groth
Professor, Research Coordinator/Plant Pathologist, LSU AgCenter
With resistance to strobilurin fungicides in the sheath blight fungal population spreading and possible fungicide resistance in the Cercospora and kernel smut pathogen populations, fungicide resistance management needs all the help we can give it. Incorporating host resistance and conserving fungicide application to only when we need them will limit fungicide resistant pathogen populations from becoming common.
What Will The Long Grain Rice Price Do In 2017?
CEO and Senior Economist, Firstgrain, Inc.
One forecast that should bear fruit in 2017 is that the price in early November 2016 should be at the bottom end of the price range for the next 12 months and perhaps the next 10 years in Bangkok, South America and New Orleans. In the very long term as mentioned below, the rice price is scrapping its lowest level in about 50 years. Once the speculative grain bears release their grip on throat of the grain markets, prices should move much higher.
What everyone wants to know is whether the market will remain stuck at some levelÊand freeze up for months or move higher or lower. Now that the Asian crop is coming to market, we do not believe the Asia market will go much lower, nor should the US price. That is the easiest part of our forecast for rice prices in 2017.
Now comes the hard part of a price forecast in the following.
What should become clearer by the time we have the 2017 Cotton & Rice Conference in Baton Rouge is the size of the rice crop in the Delta and the amount of damage done by the weather to the 2016 crop quality. We should have an assessment by USDA by January, right or wrong that will set the tone for the rest of this crop year.
Two issues complicate a rice price forecast. First, rice acreage planted in 2017 will have an impact in the trend up or down in the US price relative to the world rice price. Second, can we trust the rice statistics out of Asia, particularly India and China? We make a case in our talk that stocks are overestimated by both large rice producers for various reasons and that the actual levels are much lower than reported.
But in the end, when you cannot totally trust national rice statistics watch two things: the trend in the local rice price and the trends in imports or exports from and to Asian origins. We anticipate that contrary to the rhetoric of those two big rice producers, Indian rice exports should feather lower and Chinese rice imports should move higher. That could be good news for the trend in the price of rice in Asia, which in turn sets the trend in world rice prices.
We will review the progress in the South American crop during this talk but other than a return to normal, we do not believe that the 50% increase of the rice price this fall will nudge farmers to grow more rice for a number of reasons. If the US price had jumped 50% in 2016 instead of falling into the cellar, acreage in 2017 would be spectacularly high. When all is said and done, currency values and the lack of available farm credit will keep rice production from increasing in South America, in fact Argentine production may edge lower when all is said and done.
21 Years Of Rice And Soybean Farming On Zero Grade Fields
Dr. Ronnie Helms
Arkansas Farmer: Rice, Soybeans
Arkansas Consultant: Rice, Soybeans
Ronnie Helms' experiences with problems and solutions for farming zero-grade fields will guide him through this presentation. He will give an overview of how he has adopted new technology into his operation. He raises 1,500 acres of rice and 150 acres of soybeans.
He received his Ph.D. in agronomy from LSU, his masters degree from University of Arkansas, and bachelors from Arkansas Tech. He served as Arkansas Rice Specialist for 13 years.
Nitrogen And Seeding Rate Evaluations Of Newly Released Rice Varieties
Dr. Dustin L. Harrell
Associate Professor, LSU AgCenter
Advanced experimental rice lines are often evaluated for their response to nitrogen (N) and seeding rates prior to their release. This is done in order to provide growers with agronomic management guidelines for the new rice varieties to accompany their release. Generally, 2- to 3-years of data is generated at multiple locations across Louisiana prior to determining the official seeding and nitrogen rate recommendations. Recent rice variety by N and seeding rate trial results from Louisiana for newly released rice lines and advanced experimental lines will be discussed.
Rice Weed Control From A Consultant's Perspective
Dr. Justin Hensley
Arkansas Consultant, Arkansas Ag Specialists LLC
After four years of on-the-job consulting, Justin Hensley has learned what works and what doesn't solve the problems of weed control in rice. "The biggest problem this year was the efficacy of the herbicide," he says." In a lot of fields this year, the herbicide just didn't seem to work well."
Hensley holds a Ph.D. in weed science from Louisiana State University, a master's in pest management and a bachelor's in Extension education, both from the University of Arkansas.
How To Market A Farm Enterprise
Dr. Chad Joyce
International Sales Manager, Industrias Machina Zaccaria 5/A
Before the invention of the internet, starting a business and finding customers was extremely difficult and came with a lot of planning, financing, and downright hustle. Today, however, anyone with a computer and a little know-how can set up an online business, build a fan base, communicate with your clients, and gain referrals. This workshop focuses on building a brand for your farming operation (including your identity preserved rice) and is meant to give you a better perspective on how to integrate social media into your marketing efforts.
Provisia Rice In The Future
Dr. Steve Linscombe
Senior Rice Breeder, LSU AgCenter H. Rouse Caffey Rice Research Station
The presentation will focus on the process of bringing to the southern U.S. rice industry, the first rice variety for use with the upcoming Provisia rice technology. Information will be provided on the breeding history, processes used and steps in development of the new variety. Performance data will be presented including, yield potential, milling quality, maturity, height and lodging rating, as well as disease susceptibility characteristics.
Rice Cultural Practices On The Texas Gulf Coast
Texas Consultant: Rice, Soybeans
Rice producers in Texas use a variety of production methods including conservation and conventional tillage practices. These cultural practices vary according to variety, water, market, environment and many other factors. This presentation will be on the common production practices used by growers on the Texas Gulf Coast and some of the reasons why.
Mock graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Animal Science from Texas A&M in 1977. He has been doing consulting for the past 35 years, while also raising a small amount of rice and soybeans on the family farm with his son now in charge of that operation. Mock also serves on Board of Directors for Gulf Coast Water Authority, Texas Rice Improvement Association and the industry panel for Texas Rice Research Foundation.
LoyantTM Herbicide Utilization In MidSouth Rice
Dr. Drew Ellis
Market Development Specialist, Dow AgroSciences
Drew Ellis, Ph.D., will discuss the newest addition to the Dow AgroSciences rice herbicide portfolio with anticipated registration in 2017/18. Loyantª herbicide will provide unmatched broadleaf, grass, sedge and aquatic control to rice growers who demand better solutions. It will also be a new tool to control anxiety-causing resistant weeds like barnyardgrass and rice flatsedge.
Ellis provides technical expertise and crop protection product support to the Midsouth district. Prior to his market development specialist role, he was a Dow AgroSciences research and development field scientist in Louisiana. Ellis earned a bachelor's degree in National Resources Management from the University of Tennessee at Martin, a masterÕs in Agronomy from the University of Arkansas and continued on for a doctoral degree in Weed Science from the University of Tennessee.
Provisiaª Herbicide For The Provisia Rice System
Technical Service Representative, BASF Corporation
BASF is developing Provisiatm Herbicide for use in the Provisia Rice System for control of red rice and other grasses.
The ClearfieldR Rice System was introduced in 2002 to control red rice in commercial rice production.
This non-GM herbicide tolerant system utilizes Group 2 Acetoacetate synthase (ALS), Newpath¨ and Beyond¨ herbicides for control of barnyardgrass and other broadleaf weeds in addition to red rice. However over the past few years, some rice growing areas have experienced outcrossing of the Clearfield herbicide tolerant trait to red rice challenging rice production in those fields. As a supplemental method for controlling of red rice and other grasses in rice, BASF is developing a new rice system, Provisiatm Rice. This non-GM rice will be resistant to a Group 1 Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitor herbicide, quizalofop-p-ethyl, with the tradename, Provisia Herbicide. The use of Provisia Herbicide is this system will enable postemergence control of grasses including ALS resistant red rice and barnyardgrass.
New Technology For Rice Weed Control
Dr. Bob Scott
Extension Weed Scientist, University of Arkansas
Discussion will include three new herbicides which are set to be released for rice weed control over the next 2-4 years, these products include: Rogue, Loyant and Provisia. Recommended rates, timings, weed control spectrums and the impact of these new herbicides on current resistance issues will be included. Other emerging technologies and the use of existing technologies will also be presented.
Using N-Star To Determine Nitrogen Needs In Rice
Rice Consultant, Sustainable Ag Solutions
The N-Star nitrogen soil test was used on the entire rice crop at Florenden Farm in Burdette, Ark., Simpson will report on how the system worked. N-Star was developed by the University of Arkansas to determine the nitrogen requirements for rice based on the soil test and soil type. "It's been shown to be a way to decrease the total amount of nitrogen you apply," he said. N-Star was used on the entire rice crop at the farm this year. In some cases N-STAR soil tests indicated an increase in nitrogen rate compared to our historical rate. Simpson also consults on 170 soybean soybean fields at the farm.
He received his bachelor's degree in agronomy from the University of Arkansas and did graduate studies at Arkansas State University. He also worked for 16 years for RiceTec, learning much about rice fertility during that time.
How Row Rice Works Best In My Operation
Arkansas Farmer: Rice, Soybeans, Wheat
Drilling rice directly in the soybean bed after soybean harvest saves a lot of labor for Ryan Sullivan. The extra time and effort of putting up levees, putting in spills, and tearing them down can be avoided, and this cuts the cost of production. Sullivan raises 5,200 acres of rice and 8,000 acres of soybeans, and some years a little wheat. Also active in the operation are his father, Mike Sullivan, around 15 full time employees and most harvest seasons picking up about 15 more part time workers.
He received his bachelor's degree in Ag Business from Arkansas State University in Jonesboro last year and has been farming full time for one year, although he has been working on the farm all his life.
How Row Rice Works Best In My Operation
Grower & Consultant, VandeVen Farms
Darrell VandeVen (grower) and Steve Crawford (consultant) will discuss furrow-irrigated production of RiceTec hybrid rice on clay soils in Tensas Parish, LA in 2015 and 2016 on VandeVen Farms and other nearby operations. These discussions will deal with justification for row rice production on VandeVen Farms, as well as irrigation, agronomics, and weed and insect control of this and other operations.Ê
The Rice Delphacid---New Threat To Rice Production In Texas
Dr. M.O. Way
Professor of Entomology, Texas AgriLife Research & Extension Center
The rice delphacid is native to Latin America, but was found for the first time attacking ratoon rice in Texas in 2015. Delphacids are related to leafhoppers and have piercing-sucking mouthparts. We found them in high densities in 2015 attacking maturing ratoon rice in several counties in the western part of the Texas Rice Belt. In some cases, damage was severe with estimated yield losses as high as 25%.
Rice Weed Management In Louisiana
Dr. Eric Webster
Professor/Weed Scientist, LSU AgCenter
Weed management in Louisiana rice production has several options in drill-and water-seeded rice with currently labeled herbicides. In the next couple of years several new herbicides and a new herbicide resistant rice will become available to growers across the rice belt. How these new products should be used will be discussed.