Engeniatm Herbicide: Performance And Stewardship For Weed Management Systems In Cotton
Dr. Andrew Adams
Ag PDT - Tech Service, BASF Coproration
A diverse approach to herbicide use, along with targeted spray application, are key stewardship components of an effective weed management program. Ineffective weed control may result from applications that do not use a diverse approach to herbicide selection. A new tool currently in development is Engeniatm herbicide, an advanced formulation of dicamba for dicamba-tolerant soybeans and cotton. It is important that applicator training programs be made available to provide guidance on herbicide systems and proper application to mitigate off-target sensitive plant damage and to maximize product performance. Application and weed management stewardship will be discussed.
Soil Health And Benefits Of Cover Crops In No-Till Cotton
Coley Bailey, Jr.
Mississippi Farmer: Cotton
Bailey is excited about the benefits of using cover crops. He finds it decreases soil compaction, increases soil organic matter and water holding capacity. These are very good benefits for him, especially since most of his cotton is dryland.
He has 3,300 acres, all in cotton, and has been farming since 1994, making this his 22nd year. He grew up on the farm of his grandfather, Joe Bailey, and now is in partnership with his father, Coley, who is mostly retired.
Weed Management In Xtend Crops Without A Tank-Mix Option
Dr. Tom Barber
Extension Weed Specialist, U of A Division of Agriculture
For 5 years we have evaluated programs in Xtend technology to develop the best recommendations for weed control and resistance management. Simply managing weeds is many times easier than developing a strategy to reduce the development of further resistance to multiple herbicides. Palmer amaranth or pigweed populations in the Midsouth are currently resistant to 4 classes of herbicide chemistry: Group 2 (ALS ), Group 3 (DNA), Group 9 (glyphosate), and Group 14 (PPO). In order to keep Liberty (glufosinate) and dicamba herbicides viable for the next 5 years, programs should be developed to not only provide adequate control of all weeds but also rotate chemistry to increase the longevity of these two products as effective pigweed herbicides. This talk will discuss options and timings necessary for complete weed control if tank mixtures are not allowed with dicamba herbicides in the Xtend crop system.
Can You Achieve A Healthy Stand In Heavy Cover And No-Till When May Is Cold And Wet?
Missouri Farmer: Cotton
The far northern edge of the cotton belt suffers from short growing seasons and adverse weather risks at the beginning and end. Every possible heat unit is needed to warm seed beds. Thus it may seem odd that no-till and cover crops (which insulate the soil) have taken off across much of the northern cotton states. May of 2016 was abnormally cold and wet in the Missouri Bootheel, with lows reaching 43oF on May 15. So it was a good test of planter equipment, agronomic practices and planting seed necessary to achieve healthy stands under adverse conditions. These practices will be reviewed along with guidance for integrating cover crops into a diverse no-till farming system.
PhytoGen Highlights Of 2016 Performance And New Varieties For 2017
Dr. Sterling Brooks Blanche
PhytoGen Cotton Development Specialist, Dow AgroSciences
In 2017 PhytoGen is offering nine new varieties with the Enlisttm cotton trait, including PhytoGenR brand variety PHY 490 W3FE. Brooks Blanche, cotton development specialist for the lower Midsouth, will explain how PhytoGen can help growers thrive with these new varieties. He'll also present performance data from on-farm and University variety trials throughout the Delta, featuring PhytoGen brand varieties PHY 333 WRF, PHY 312 WRF and PHY 444 WRF. Blanche's presentation will help producers find the variety to out-best their best
How Do Our Dominant Cotton Varieties Differ?
Dr. Fred Bourland
Professor / Center Director, University of Arkansas
Usually five to ten cotton varieties occupy more than 80% of cotton acreage in the Mississippi River Delta. These varieties show distinct differences which make them best adapted to specific conditions. The specific varieties that are dominant differ among years and to a lesser extent among states. A group of transgenic and conventional varieties that were dominantly planted in 2016 will be chosen and examined to determine how they differ with respect to yield, yield components, morphological traits, host plant resistance and fiber quality in the Arkansas Cotton Variety Test.
Management Of Insect Pests In Cotton To Increase Profitability
Dr. Angus Catchot
Extension Entomologist, Mississippi State University
Growers throughout the Mid-Southern U.S. face numerous insect pests each year that rob yield and reduce economic returns in cotton. Throughout the Delta Region of Mississippi growers typically average 5-7 sprays annually for tarnished plant bugs alone. Although resistant to multiple classes of chemistry, research has begun to shed light on methods that improve control and increase profitability for cotton farmers. Additionally, new problems have surfaced such as neonicotinoid resistance in tobacco thrips. Our research programs are developing recommendations to deal with resistant thrips that reduce requirements for foliar applications that often have adverse effects such as flaring of secondary pest like aphids and spider mites. This talk will address research based methods to improve control of the most common insect pests in cotton and offer solutions for growers and consultants to effectively manage insect pest in a dynamic landscape.
Enhancing Soil Health With Common Cultural Practices
Dr. Kater Hake
Vice President, Agricultural Research, Cotton Incorporated
The explosion in knowledge on human gut health is spilling over into agricultural soil health. Many of the home remedies for healthy guts translate directly into soil heath; such as small frequent meals, diverse diet, no antibiotics unless absolutely needed. Growers have seen crop benefits from multi-year use of cover crops, crop rotation and no-till that we historically explain in terms of soil tilth, structure and fertility. Using the modern human guy research tools, we can learn that gut and soil health are also impacted by diverse microorganisms. Although measuring soil microorganisms is challenging it is also insightful for the hidden benefits of cover crops, crop rotation and no-till. These relationships will be briefly explored using Missouri, Texas and South Carolina field data.
Management Strategies For Cotton Production: A Consultant's Perspective
Louisiana Consultant: Cotton
A growing number of producers will be introduced back into cotton production this coming year. With acreage increasing, I would like to give some practical advice concerning management decisions that are made throughout the growing season. Cotton production has changed rapidly over the last 5 years with new weed control technologies, presence of foliar diseases, seed treatment resistance, and Helicoverpa management being some of the main issues limiting cotton profitability.
Web - Based Production Information Delivery
Director, Agricultural & Environmental Research
To help transfer the research results to the production community as quickly and easily as possible, Cotton Incorporated has developed the Cotton Cultivated website and partnered with the Plant Management Network to deliver the Focus on Cotton webcast series. These web-based resources are designed to operate on desktop as well as mobile devices allowing users to stay current on the latest research developments at their convenience anywhere there is an internet or cellular data connection. The uses and content of each resource will be discussed.
My 20 Years Experience In Doing Variety Trials
George LaCour, Jr.
Louisiana Farmer: Cotton, Soybeans, Corn, Wheat, Sugar Cane
After 20 years of doing variety trials through LSU Ag Center, LaCour has plenty of experience from which to draw. "We test between 15 and 20 varieties each year, using two or three varieties from each seed company in the trial," he says. The trials are replicated three times in different spots in the field.
LaCour raises 800 acres of cotton, 3,300 acres of soybeans, 1,200 acres of corn, 800 acres of winter wheat and 2,000 acres of sugar cane. He was raised on a farm, and has been farming for 33 years. He attended the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, and is the current vice-chairman of the National Cotton Board.
Project Updates from the Scott Learning Cente
Learning Center Manager, Monsanto
The Scott Learning Center is a 450 acre demonstration farm located in Scott, MS.Ê During 2016 the SLC is tested a variety of new corn hybrids and soybean/cotton varieties along with the latest novel agronomic systems to compliment those products.Ê During the conference we will provide an update on work from 2016 and highlight very exciting work planned for 2017.Ê During 2016 new Dekalb corn hybrids were tested at a variety of populations in an effort to characterize both the yield and standability response to increasing population.Ê New Xtend Asgrow soybean varieties were tested in a variety of systems and appear to offer great opportunities for productivity to growers along with a very strong new tool for weed management.Ê The SLC also maintained a focus during 2016 on evaluating new Deltapine cotton varieties and the response of those varieties to skip row planting, population and PGR application regimes.Ê
For 2017 the SLC will maintain a focus on all of the aforementioned work along a variety of very exciting new projects.Ê On the slate for 2017 include work with the latest precision farming systems from Climate Corp along with continued evaluations of the Xtend weed control system (varieties and weed control systems) along with many other very exciting technologies.Ê Please come hear about the latest work form the Scott Learning Center during the conference.
Conservation Tillage In Cotton - A Mississippi Delta Perspective
Dr. William T. Pettigrew
Plant Physiologist, USDA-ARS
Recent low cotton prices have challenged cotton producers to ensure that their production enterprises are the most input efficient that they can be. Conservation tillage is not an extensively utilized practice in the Mississippi Delta but it offers the potential for more efficient use of certain production inputs. This presentation summarizes the growth and agronomic performance of cotton across three different studies conducted at Stoneville, MS where conservation tillage was compared to conventional tillage. Cotton yields were generally similar between the two different tillage systems. Benefits, challenges, and common mistakes associated with conservation tillage in the Delta will be discussed.
Tips For Manageing Difficult To Control Pests In Mississippi Delta Cotton
Across 41 years as an independent crop consultant, I have had the opportunity to deal with a multitude of insect, weed, and disease pests that attack cotton systems in Mississippi. Spanning my career, we have dealt with problems including the boll weevil, pyrethroid resistant tobacco budworm, bronze wilt, and herbicide resistant weeds. As problems arise, independent consultants have worked closely with the Extension Service and Industry partners to provide solutions that have kept our growers successful. In recent times, cotton growers have dealt with numerous problems that require innovative approaches to managing pests while remaining economically viable. Currently, cotton acres are projected to increase substantially in 2017, consequently growers will have to be better equipped to deal with new problems as they arise such as glyphosate resistant pigweed, horseweed, and ryegrass. Additionally, growers will face issues with new cotton diseases such as Target Spot and Bacterial Blight while battling ongoing and new coming insect management issues. Bollworm escapes in Bt cotton have become more common, and as these breakthroughs have increased over the last several years, we have learned to better manage such issues with the help from the research community. However, our number one insect pest has been and will likely remain the tarnished plant bug. This pest is best dealt with a multi-tactical approach that incorporates a number of management techniques that are broader than foliar insecticides alone. Throughout the last 41 years, I have learned how to better approach such issues, therefore this presentation will address challenges that growers will likely need to overcome to achieve a successful cotton crop in the future and tips to remain profitable despite the increase of pest related problems from the prospective of a crop consultant.
Cotton Disease Management
Dr. Trey Price
Extension/Research Pathologist, LSU AgCenter
Cotton may be affected by a number of diseases throughout the growing season in the mid-south. Seedling diseases are a major concern early, while a few foliar diseases may be relevant during blooming. There are many disease management options and strategies available for producers that may reduce disease severity and preserve yields, which will be discussed at the conference.
The Practical Side Of Growing Non GMO Conventional Cotton
Arkansas Farmer: Cotton
Reed raises conventional cotton bred by Dr. Fred Bourland, so he will discuss the practical side of producing conventional cotton. He will discuss weed control, cover crops and the practices he does differently than when raising Bollgard and other GMO cotton lines. "There's new pesticide technology out there for raising non-GMO cotton," he says.
He raises crops on a total of 6,200 acres, which includes 3,500 acres of cotton with 2000 of that conventinal, 850 acres of corn, 370 acres of furrow rice and 1480 acres of soybeans.
He holds an undergraduate degree in ag business and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Arkansas. He is a licensed attorney. He grew up on a family farm and has been involved with the farm his whole life, farming on his own since 1998, while in college and law school. Reed became a full-time farmer in 2005. He lives in Marianna, AR., and farms with his wife, Kristin.
Mobile Solutions For Irrigation Management With The Crop Water Use App
Research Associate, Cropping Systems Project, University of Missouri
Water is an important factor that affects crop yields. The University of Missouri Extension developed an online application to help farmers produce higher crop yields by improving irrigation management. The Crop Water Use application can be run on an office computer or smartphone. To register, go to http://cropwater.org. The program is designed to simplify calculations required for tracking soil moisture in fields. Crop water use is estimated from weather data from a network of agricultural weather stations across the state. In 2016, farmers used the program on 398 fields. The application saves farmers time by automatically entering weather information for each field and making daily calculations used for irrigation planning. Evapotranspiration (ETo) is calculated using the standardized short crop Penman-Monteith equation. ETo is multiplied by a crop coefficient, which is specific for the crop and growth stage.
Soil Health: How Good Or Bad Am I Now?
Dr. Bill Robertson
Professor, Cotton Extension Agronomist, University of Arkansas
A great deal of information exists regarding the benefits of improving soil health. However, there is no one easy test or measure of soil health. An important step in the process of improving is knowing where you started. The ability to produce high yields does not necessarily indicate a healthy soil. We will discuss things we can learn from using a soil probe, shovel, and the power of observation.
How Cover Crops Have Changed My Irrigation And My Farming
Arkansas Farmer: Cotton, Corn, Soybeans
The Cotton Research Verification/Sustainability Program has conducted research along with Discovery Farms on our farm in Southeast Arkansas the last three seasons. Discovery Farms main focus is Edge of Field Water Quality. The Cotton Research Verification/Sustainability Program is evaluating practices that lead to improved efficiency and soil health. We will discuss how these practices have improved irrigation water infiltration on my soils and what this means to me now and my ability to leave the farm in better shape than when I started for my children and grandchildren.